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                      MIMO OTA

                      MIMO_OTA1.png

                      With the iterative evolution of wireless communication technology, the OTA (Over The Air) test standards for space radiated power and receiver performance of mobile devices are becoming more and more important, especially in the post-4G and 5G era.OTA testing can accurately predict the actual performance of mobile devices. For LTE applications, MIMO OTA testing needs to be completed. From the 5G development, MIMO OTA testing will become an essential test method, and its technical complexity will be enhanced.


                      Today, 4G is in the ascendant, 5G is expected to arrive early, improving network throughput. The wide application of MIMO technology is necessary. The number of antennas in large-scale MIMO base stations ranges from 32 to 256 or more. Traditional MIMO OTA testings are usually performed on wired connections and have limitations in understanding device performance in depth. In contrast, large-scale MIMO OTA testing can take antennas into account to obtain more accurate device performance in real applications.


                      This test system is a multi-probe MPAC (Multi-Probe Anechoic Chamber) test system with a sub 6G band. The multi-probe anechoic chamber test method is a reference method for the MIMO OTA testing. By arranging an antenna array around the measuring device (EUT), the spatial distribution of the arrival angle in the MPAC system is simulated to place EUT in a simulated complex multipath far-field environment.


                      As shown in the following figure, the signal is sent from the base station (or base station emulator) to the channel emulator. After adding Doppler and fading characteristics to each path, the channel simulator injects all directional signals into the test area of the darkroom center at the same time by the uniformly arranged antenna array, simulates the spatial distribution of the arrival angle, and simulates the complex multipath far-field environment in the center area of the darkroom.


                      This test system not only supports common channel models such as SCM, SCME, WINNER, WINNER II but also supports the latest channel models of 3GPP 38827 FR1: Uma CDL-A~E and UMi CDL A~E, as well as extensible three-dimensional channel simulation to satisfy the spatial distribution of 5G elevation arrival angle.

                      MIMO_OTA2.pngIn order to achieve the above application scenario test in the laboratory, this test system has a perfect experimental environment such as a full-wave anechoic chamber, a two-dimensional horizontal probe ring (which can be extended to a three-dimensional probe ring), broadband Vivaldi antenna array, power amplifier set, and high-precision turntable. Through access to the base station emulator, advanced instruments such as high-end channel emulator can be used to test the communication performance of the terminal, chip, and other morphological devices, such as DL MIMO and UL MIMO.

                      MIMO_OTA3.png


                      A complete set of millimeter-wave base station performance test system includes:


                      • RS Test

                      • Horizontal probe ring

                      • Broadband Vivaldi antenna array

                      • Communication antenna

                      • Power amplifier set

                      • Low noise amplifier set

                      • Multi-axis positioner



                      The system works with the base station emulator, channel emulator, and terminal device to validate scenarios defined by 3GPP TR37977 and TR38827.


                      Compliance with 3GPP TR37977, TR38827, and CTIA-Test-Plan-for-2x2-Downlink-MIMO-and-Transmit-Diversity-Over-the-Air-Performance standards.



                      technical parameter

                      Item

                      Parameter

                      Remark

                      System

                      Size

                      6*6*6m

                      Customizable to the actual condition

                      Probe ring

                      inside diameter:3.2m

                      Outside diameter:4m


                      Frequency

                      0.4~7.2GHz


                      Shielding effectiveness

                      >100dB@7.2GHz


                      Test area

                      >28cm@3GHz

                      >20cm@6GHz


                      Antenna

                      QTY

                      Horizontal Ring*8

                      The horizontal ring can be extended to 16;

                      Elevation extension, up to 8 up and down extension rings

                      Angular Interval

                      45°

                      Equal spacing

                      Frequency

                      0.4~7.2GHz


                      Polarization

                      Bipolarization


                      Port isolation

                      >25dB


                      VSWR

                      <2

                      Typ.

                      Gain

                      4dBi

                      Typ.

                      Beam width(3dB)

                      >50°@3.5GHz


                      Cross Polarization Ratio

                      >20dB


                      Multi-axis positioner

                      Axis

                      1


                      Angle range

                      0~360°


                      Angle step

                      ≥0.1°


                      Angular Precision

                      <±0.05°


                      Repetition accuracy

                      <±0.05°


                      Speed

                      ≤20°/s


                      Bearing

                      >20kg



                      Advantage:

                      • Supports the channel model defined by 3GPP TR37977, TR38827;

                      • Simple graphical interface;

                      • Turn-key solutions;

                      • Extensible 3-D probe ring;

                      • Extensible UL MIMO tests;

                      • Extensible scenario testing for other wireless communication systems, such as BT, WIFI, NB-IoT, ZigBee, etc


                      Products

                      Hangzhou Yongxie Technology Co., Ltd.
                      HBTE develops, produces and markets a wide range of RF capital devices for industry, infrastructure operators, education and research institutions customers.
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